Answer by Polina Polukhina
I think that this is a rather difficult question, which is most easily answered by yourself, just by trying, below I will describe all the experience in these tools and you will be able to learn a lot of information about this.
Advantages of React
- Component model
- Virtual DOM
As already explained, a virtual DOM enables creating a simplified copy of the DOM. All the changes that need to be implemented are made in the virtual DOM. Later on, two DOMs are compared and when the differences are identified, the real DOM will re-render only the changed part. This is much faster and more efficient than working directly with the DOM.
- One-way data binding
- Two-way data binding was an advantage for Angular, and the one-way data binding of React may be an advantage as well. This approach makes the view react to any changes made to the model, but the view itself cannot affect the model. As a result, the data only flows in one direction, which reduces the possibility of any side effects.
- Native mobile development framework
- Big community
Being supported by the world’s two major social media companies, React has millions of users across the globe. The strong community means access to quick help from experienced developers. On has gathered over 73 thousand stars, and the shows that the framework was downloaded more than 4,766 million in the last month. A very impressive score!
Disadvantages of React
- Need to use third-party technologies
- Using JSX
- Complex app structure
React doesn’t have any predefined structure. This means that structuring the app is fully the responsibility of the developer, and depends a lot on his knowledge and experience.
- Steep learning curve
React isn’t the easiest technology to learn. Besides React itself, you will need to get to know several other libraries and modules as well.
When to use React?
React is pretty universal, which means you can build nearly anything with it. However, there are some cases, where React is an absolute must. For these apps it is currently the best solution available on the market.
- Dynamic application
Building an app that needs to re-render quickly? React is a good choice due to the ability to quickly reflect the data changes in the view.
- Single page apps
Since React can display content changes without reloading the current page, it is a great solution for single page apps.
- Native mobile apps
React Native enables building mobile apps that are indistinguishable from native apps built with Java or Objective-C.
Vue.js is a progressive framework for UI building. This alternative to Angular and React is now gaining popularity. It is extremely popular in China, and is now spreading to the west, which is to be expected.
Advantages of Vue.js
- MVC framework
Just like Angular, Vue is an MVC (or Model-View-Controller) framework. The advantage of this is obvious – the ability to write well-structured code, which is extremely important when working on complex applications.
- Lightweight solution
One of the significant advantages of Vue is the small size of the framework as it doesn’t include many features right “out the box”, but the functionality is easily extended with a variety of third-party solutions. It is often compared to Angular, which is a monolithic framework with a bunch of built-in features, which are unlikely to be used in your app at all. Of course, tree-shaking allows eliminating the unused code, but the size of the framework remains higher . A full-featured Vue 2 project with Vuex + vue-router weighs ~30kb gzipped. At the same time, an out-of-the-box, AOT-compiled application generated by angular-cli has the size of ~130kb gzipped. A compact size and the ability to include third-party modules to extend the functionality make Vue.js a wiser choice for those who care about reducing the size, and therefore improving the speed of the web app.
- Declarative templates
The templates in Vue.js are written in HTML, which makes them readable without the knowledge of other programming languages.
- Virtual DOM
Due to lighter-weight virtual DOM implementation, apps built with Vue.js have the highest performance in comparison to other frontend frameworks.
- Two-way data binding
Vue.js automatically syncs the whole model with the DOM.
- Supported by Laravel “out of the box”
Laravel is one of the best PHP backend frameworks. The support of Vue allows building web apps using two of the most progressive technologies without any additional installations.
- Low learning curve
Compared to Angular and React, Vue.js is the easiest frontend technology to learn and start working with. In addition to this, you can start adding Vue.js to your project step by step.
Disadvantages of Vue.js
- Small community
Vue is less popular when compared to Angular and React, both of which have an impressive number of users. However, you can still count on support from other community members.
- Fewer libraries for Vue.js
Since there are fewer users of the framework, they share fewer solutions to extend the framework functionality.
- Chinese roots
This framework was created by a former Angular developer. He knew exactly the weak points of Angular and started to work on an alternative, while keeping all its advantages. The new framework quickly became extremely popular in his native country China. As a result, documentation for some of the third-party libraries may be available only in Chinese.
- Rising popularity
With about , Vue.js is showing great results. Over 63 thousand Github stars prove the rising popularity, and reflects the views of the community as well. Vue.js is now being used all over the world. This means that there will be more and more solutions compatible with this JS framework.
When to use Vue.js?
- Dynamic high-performance applications
Similar to React, Vue.js is a good choice for dynamic applications, however thanks to virtual DOM it offers higher performance, which is beneficial for complex apps.
- Single page apps
Vue.js allows changing the content quickly without reloading the page, which makes this framework perfect for SPAs.